Junk food is fast food that is easy to prepare and easy to consume. They are of low nutritional value and contain only fat, which is harmful to the health of consumers. It is high in refined sugar, white flour, trans fat, polyunsaturated fat salt. Numerous dietary supplements such as monosodium glutamate and tartrazine, and lacks protein, vitamins, and fiber. This unhealthy food is popular for its ease of preparation, consumption, taste, and long shelf life that may not require refrigeration.
In the UK, the Food Standards Agency does not use the term junk food and describes the food as high in fat, sugar, or salt. They state that foods can be part of a balanced diet, but research shows that children’s diets are too high in fat, salt, and sugar. Americans eat the fastest food, but the Japanese spend the most on takeout (home delivery), according to a study by Euro-monitor International. High per capita consumption demonstrates the importance of fast food in lifestyle in these countries. Burger dominates the U.S. fast food industry as it accounts for more than half of total fast food spending.
Problems associated with junk food
High fat content
Junk food such as burgers, pizza, fried chicken, and chips usually contain saturated fat, too much-saturated fat in the diet will lead to weight gain and obesity.
Being overweight is a risk to heart health and causes another dyslexia disease, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder may be autism.
High salt content
It often has too much salt, already too much salt in foods such as pieces of bread, cereals, and biscuits. So people get more salt than they need when they eat unhealthy food, too much salt is unhealthy.
High in sugar
Soft drinks, liqueurs, cookies, cakes, and hard candies also have a lot of sugar. So they taste too good, but too much sugar makes people fat, ruins teeth are bad for blood, and can cause another disease.
Also, Junk food has something good that the body is essential for good health as the body needs a little salt, fat, and sugar for energy to burn while we play and work, however too much fat, salt, and sugar are bad for your health. People tend to take it easy on food by consuming fast food to save time.
Types of junk food
Various types of junk food are available in the market out of which the most popular junk food are:
- Soft drink
- Pizza hamburgers
- Potato chips
- Hot dog
- French fries
- Chees chili
- Pav bhaji
Quickly food in the north such as burgers and fries companies such as McDonald’s, KFC, and Pizza Hut, is often perceived as junk food. While similar food sare supplied by more expensive stores. Such as Pizza Express or Nandos often have the same or worse nutrition content. Some dishes that are considered ethnic or traditional are not considered junk food, such as gyroscope, pakora, gyoza, or chicharron. Although all these products leave little nutritional value and are usually high in fat due to the fact that fried in oil. Likewise, breakfast cereals are often considered healthy but may contain high levels of sugar, salt, and fat.
2 Why junk food are popular?
The time factor of junk food
The addiction to unhealthy food is so high because of its simplicity. They are easy to prepare and delicious. Fast food like potato waffles doesn’t even need cooking or heating. Peoples prefer to eat them while watching TV. They save themselves a lot of hassle. The time they rush to eat pizza and hamburgers like they are served right to your doorstep hot and ready to eat.
Due to taste factor
The lack of time is one of the reasons that push people to eat this type of food, great taste also affects to a certain extent they choose unhealthy foods. But junk food gets its taste due to the abundant use of oils, salts, and sugar. Global BBC World broadcaster and leading research company Synovate conducted a poll that showed that the British are more addicted to junk food than any other nation. Generally, the survey showed that people have conflicting attitudes and behavior regarding unhealthy foods. One day they are addicted to this food find it difficult to think about the loss of nutrition due to unhealthy food.
Junk food due to Advertisements
The score says that! Frito Lays sells one billion Cheetos bags a year. Junk food advertising plays an important role in this regard. Taking care of targeting marketing to children because children are easy and potential targets. Additionally, Junk food has a long shelf life and may not require refrigeration for most foods such as chips and waffles.
3 Why should we avoid junk food?
Here are some junk food facts to help you understand the harmful effects associated with them. Some of them long term, while others have short-term effects. Fat content has high cholesterol levels. High-calorie content with sugar can lead to obesity. Cholesterol and salt can increase blood pressure, stroke, and heart disease in the chain. Too much salt can also interfere with kidney function.
Lack of Energy
This is can be as the short-term adverse effect of eating junk food. Because unhealthy food does not provide essential nutrients such as vitamins, protein, and fiber, although there may be a lot of them, people feel weakened.
This is another result of bad habits. Junk food traceable act in the near and medium-term. When people eat sumptuous junk food rich in oil they feel drowsiness and inability to concentrate. For extended period’s junk food eating decreases blood circulation due to fat accumulation, lack of vital oxygen, nutrients, and protein, in particular, they can temporarily clog their brain cells.
High in cholesterol level
Besides plaque formation and narrowing of the arteries cholesterol also affects the liver. High cholesterol from unhealthy food and diet strains the liver, eventually damaging it. This is a long-lasting effect.
Impact on heart disease
An unhealthy diet like junk food is a leading cause of heart disease due to the formation of plaque in the arteries which requires extra effort from the heart to pump blood downstream, not upstream returning blood to the heart causes two heart damage. Fatigue of the heart due to constant additional efforts, and it suffers in the oxygen supply.
Low nutrition value
The nutritional value of junk food is approximately one point on a scale of 1 to 10, which is the lowest. Nutritional value is lost in the cooking process of junk food, so synthetic vitamins and minerals are added to compensate for it. But they are not very good compared to natural vitamins and minerals like fruits veggies. Natural phytochemicals are not found in unhealthy foods, which scavenge free radicals and prevent disease.
It is well clear that fat and sugar are as addictive as heroin and cocaine, and they stimulate the same receptors in the brain that make you feel good due to increased dopamine levels. Unhealthy foods contain a lot of hidden sugars and fats, which are addictive and taste-enhancing.
High chemical additives
There are many chemical additives in junk foods that are not beneficial to the body. Such as artificial colors and preservatives. MSG and atrazine are found in almost all types of unhealthy foods. All kinds of medical studies have shown that MSG causes obesity and other unpleasant things. All the methods used to handle junk food – canning, dehydration, and freezing. Virtually destroy the taste of food, so chemicals are added to flavor enamel under the guise of natural flavor, and coloring additives are added to add color to the feed. It can improve the appearance and taste of food, but it is bad for our bodies.
Lack of oxygen
Junk food is high in fat, so fat can accumulate in the bronchioles, so oxygen supply to the body tends to decrease, which can cause some respiratory distress.
How to hate junk food Bottom line
Eating unhealthy foods can associate with a variety of health problems. The habit of eating unhealthy food is constantly growing among the younger generation, especially among children. The main problem of junk food is the growth of childhood obesity, which further leads to many health complications in children. Attracting advertising is largely responsible for making children prone to unhealthy foods. Multinational companies attract new customers Youth, children through attractive and aggressive marketing strategies.
Parents need to take care of their children’s eating habits and protect them from unhealthy foods by raising awareness of the health problems associated with junk food. A school, college cafeteria should also include healthy foods on their menu, rather than focusing on unhealthy foods alone. Children need to know about the harmful effects of junk food on their health. This can be very helpful in avoiding unhealthy food and related problems.